What are the 2 main types of diseases?
Diseases can be grouped into two types:communicable , which are caused by pathogens and can be transferred from one person to another, or from one organism to another – in humans these include measles, food poisoning and malaria.non-communicable , which are not transferred between people or other organisms.
What are the four classifications of infections and diseases?
A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.
What are the categories of disease?
There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.
What are the six diseases?
Childhood mortality: six killer diseases and how to stop themPneumonia. Pneumonia, usually caused by a bacterial infection, is a disease in which the air sacs in the lungs become inflamed and fill up with fluid. Diarrhoea. Diarrhoea is caused by an infection in the intestinal track. Malaria. Meningitis. HIV. Measles.
How many diseases are there in humans?
The focus is really on rare diseases, but a credible case can be made that there are at least 10,000 diseases in the world, though there is likely more. And there are a bit over 500 treatments.
What disease have no cure?
HIV/AIDS – No cure exists for HIV/AIDS, but medication exists that can help control the symptoms of it. Huntington’s disease – Inherited disease that causes the progressive breakdown (degeneration) of nerve cells in the brain. Hydrocephalus – No cure exists for this (physical)neurological disorder.
What are 5 genetic diseases?
What You Need to Know About 5 Most Common Genetic DisordersDown Syndrome. Typically, the nucleus of an individual cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, but Down syndrome occurs when the 21st chromosome is copied an extra time in all or some cells. Thalassemia. Cystic Fibrosis. Tay-Sachs disease. Sickle Cell Anemia. Learn More. Recommended. Sources.
Are diseases curable?
Some diseases can be cured. Others, like hepatitis B, have no cure. The person will always have the condition, but medical treatments can help to manage the disease. Medical professionals use medicine, therapy, surgery, and other treatments to help lessen the symptoms and effects of a disease.
Are there drugs that cure diseases?
Medicines are chemicals or compounds used to cure, halt, or prevent disease; ease symptoms; or help in the diagnosis of illnesses. Advances in medicines have enabled doctors to cure many diseases and save lives.
What are the two terms important for the cure reaction?
To quote from IUPAC: curing “might or might not require mixing with a chemical curing agent.” Thus, two broad classes are (i) curing induced by chemical additives (also called curing agents, hardeners) and (ii) curing in the absence of additives.
What is the difference between curable and treatable?
For example, some contrasted treatability with curability, explaining that the word “treatable” implies that the intervention cannot cure a disease (i.e., the disease is “treatable,” but not “curable”): “When I imagine a physician using the term ‘treatable,’ it means he’s trying not to use the term ‘incurable.
What is treatable condition?
In essence, the word “treatable” means “there is a treatment that can be applied,” Coombs Lee writes. It doesn’t mean that treatment is likely to be successful or prolong the patient’s life.
Which disease is the biggest killer in the world?
The leading cause is cardiovascular disease at 31.59% of all deaths.